Mayor of the City of Krakow, Poland
Lawyer, professor of political science at the Jagiellonian University, historian of political and legislative doctrins. Expert on the subject of 2nd Republic of Poland, documenting its history and in particular activities of right wing groups. Vice-President of State Tribunal.
In 1974 received doctor's degree at the Department of Law and Administration. In 1988, as one of the youngest in the history of Jagiellonian University, received associate professorship of law sciences. From 1987 until 1993, when he received full professorship, he was a Dean of Department of Law and Administration.